Affixes Definition | List of Common Prefixes & Suffixes

Affixes can cover anything from a word prefix to a word suffix. It can be confusing at first to know what any of those words actually mean and how they change a word structure, but once you get stuck in with it, you’ll make quick sense of it. Most longer words in the English language are made up of affixes and without them, they’ll just be a basic, root-form word. Today, we’ll look through what affixes are, as well as examples of them in use.

Affixes

What Are Affixes?

Affixes are usually known as additions to the base form or stem of a word. They usually modify the meaning or create an entirely new meaning for the word based on which affixes are used. An affix can be a prefix (meaning that the addition comes before the base form word) or a suffix (meaning that the addition comes at the end of the base form word). Some words can have both a prefix and suffix as part of them.

We’ll take a look briefly at some of the more commonly used examples of affixes. Both the prefixes and suffixes used in the English language with a few example words to help you to understand when they are most commonly used.

Examples of Affixes

Prefixes

Ante

Ante- means before or in front of. It is the common prefix in words like anterior, antecedent, and antedate.

Co-

Meaning with or together. Words like co-exist, co-branding, and coassemble are included here.

De-

Meaning either down or off. It is mostly used for contrasting words, like desensitize, derealization, and dematerialize.

Extra-

Meaning either beyond or more than. It is used for words like extraordinary, extraterrestrial, and extravagant.

Non-

Simply meaning not. Any words like nonchalant, nonexistent, and nonfiction are included here.

Tele-

Meaning over distance. It’s no surprise that words like telephone, telecommunication, and television are included here.

Up-

Either meaning up top or better than. Words like upgrade, upsell, and upend are included here.

Suffixes

-dom

Meaning a state of being. Words like kingdom, freedom, and boredom are included here.

-ent

Meaning to perform an action. Words like independent, overachievement and hyperexcitement are included in this list.

-ible

Either meaning to be able to or relevant to. Words like incomprehensible, suggestible, and reversible are included.

-ify

Meaning to become or make. This includes words like satisfy, typify, and purify.

-ious

Meaning characterized by. Words like delicious, religious, and efficacious are included here.

-tion

Reflecting a state of being. Words like diction, differentiation and rationalization are in this list.

-ure

Either action or a result. Failure, literature, and closure can be included in this list.

List of Common Prefixes

Some popular prefixes below will help you in learning English.

  • ante-
  • anti-
  • co-
  • de-
  • dis-
  • em-
  • en-
  • extra-
  • fore-
  • il-
  • im-
  • in-
  • inter-
  • ir-
  • mid-
  • mis-
  • non-
  • over-
  • pre-
  • re-
  • semi-
  • sub-
  • super-
  • tele-
  • trans-
  • un-
  • under-
  • up-

List of Common Suffixes

The following list is some popular suffixes in English.

  • -able
  • -al
  • -ation
  • -ative
  • -dom
  • -ed
  • -en
  • -ent
  • -eous
  • -er
  • -es
  • -est
  • -ful
  • -ial
  • -ible
  • -ic
  • -ify
  • -ing
  • -ion
  • -ious
  • -ition
  • -itive
  • -ity
  • -ive
  • -less
  • -ly
  • -ment
  • -ness
  • -ous
  • -s
  • -tion
  • -ty
  • -ure
  • -y

Affixes | Infographic

Affixes

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