The article below will show you what is the definition of a noun, the different types of nouns and how to use nouns in sentences with useful examples and ESL infographic.
What Is a Noun?
A noun is a word that is used to identify or classify a person (George Washington), place (factory), object (trains), animal (cat), or idea (kindness). Nouns are often referred to as a “naming word.” It is the subject of a verb (action). A noun can be singular (one) or plural (many). It can also be replaced by a pronoun (he, she, it, they, someone, who, I, me, you, everybody).
Types of Nouns
1. Common Nouns
A common noun is used to identify common or generic words for places, things, and people. Common nouns are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence or are in a title. Examples: country, factory, boy, fish, train.
2. Proper Nouns
A proper noun identifies a specific thing, person, or place. Proper nouns should be capitalized when used in a sentence. Examples: Dunkin Donuts, Amy, Germany Spot, Chase Bank.
3. Singular Nouns
A singular noun identifies that there is only one place, person, or thing. Examples: fox, man, restaurant, arm.
4. Plural Nouns
A plural noun identifies that there is more than one of something. This is done by adding an -s to the end of the noun (arms), or by adding an -es (foxes). Occasionally, the spelling may change to create a plural noun (countries or parties).
- Regular Plural Nouns: arms, foxes, countries, parties.
Not all plural nouns follow the adds –s or –es rule, there are exceptions that are called irregular plural nouns.
- Irregular Plural Nouns: men, women, geese, people.
5. Concrete Nouns
A concrete noun is something that is not abstract. It can be seen, touched, tasted, felt, or smelled. Examples: computer, banana, dog, pie.
6. Abstract Nouns
An abstract noun is an idea that is intangible or untouchable. Examples: fear, loneliness, love, friendship.
7. Collective Nouns
A collective noun identifies a single noun that is a part of a group. This happens when a group is acting as one or completing the same action. Example Sentence: The team is playing an away game today. Other examples: herd, bunch, pack, swarm, family.
8. Compound Nouns
A compound noun combines two or more words together. They can appear as a single word, words connected by a hyphen, or use multiple words. Example: toothpaste, passer-by, water tank, rainfall.
9. Countable Nouns
A countable noun can be counted. When you have two fish or six sandwiches, you are describing a noun that is countable. Example: orange, chair, desk.
10. Uncountable Nouns
An uncountable noun can’t be counted. They usually don’t have a plural form either. Example: fear, joy, happiness, freedom, seafood, salt.
Examples of Nouns
1. Common Nouns:
- The boy ran to school.
- The factory closed every Sunday.
2. Proper Nouns:
- Harriet Tubman ran the Underground Railroad.
- My dog, Spot, is the best dog ever.
3. Singular Nouns:
- The fox had a large pond to swim in.
- The girl skipped to the house.
4. Plural Nouns:
- The men are going to see a football game.
- The rabbits are sunning themselves in the field.
5. Concrete Nouns:
- I love to eat ice cream.
- John is a good friend.
6. Abstract Nouns:
- Everyone feels fear sometimes.
- Our friendship is unbreakable.
7. Collective Nouns:
- A herd of buffalo ran through the field.
- A flock of birds flew overhead.
8. Compound Nouns:
- The rainfall was minimal this year.
- I play basketball on Fridays.
9. Countable Nouns:
- Two cars raced.
- The desk is broken.
10. Uncountable Nouns:
- Summer brings the children freedom from school.
- My dog brings me joy.