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Noun | Definition, Types and Useful Examples in English

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The article below will show you what is the definition of a noun, the different types of nouns and how to use nouns in sentences with useful examples and ESL infographic.

What Is a Noun

What Is a Noun?

A noun is a word that is used to identify or classify a person (George Washington), place (factory), object (trains), animal (cat), or idea (kindness). Nouns are often referred to as a “naming word.” It is the subject of a verb (action). A noun can be singular (one) or plural (many). It can also be replaced by a pronoun (he, she, it, they, someone, who, I, me, you, everybody).

Types of Nouns

1. Common Nouns

A common noun is used to identify common or generic words for places, things, and people. Common nouns are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence or are in a title. Examples: country, factory, boy, fish, train.

2. Proper Nouns

A proper noun identifies a specific thing, person, or place. Proper nouns should be capitalized when used in a sentence. Examples: Dunkin Donuts, Amy, Germany Spot, Chase Bank.

3. Singular Nouns

A singular noun identifies that there is only one place, person, or thing. Examples: fox, man, restaurant, arm.

4. Plural Nouns

A plural noun identifies that there is more than one of something. This is done by adding an -s to the end of the noun (arms), or by adding an -es (foxes). Occasionally, the spelling may change to create a plural noun (countries or parties).

  • Regular Plural Nouns: arms, foxes, countries, parties.
Related  10 Types of Nouns That You Use All The Time

Not all plural nouns follow the adds –s or –es rule, there are exceptions that are called irregular plural nouns.

  • Irregular Plural Nouns: men, women, geese, people.

5. Concrete Nouns

A concrete noun is something that is not abstract. It can be seen, touched, tasted, felt, or smelled. Examples: computer, banana, dog, pie.

6. Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun is an idea that is intangible or untouchable. Examples: fear, loneliness, love, friendship.

7. Collective Nouns

A collective noun identifies a single noun that is a part of a group. This happens when a group is acting as one or completing the same action. Example Sentence: The team is playing an away game today. Other examples: herd, bunch, pack, swarm, family.

8. Compound Nouns

A compound noun combines two or more words together. They can appear as a single word, words connected by a hyphen, or use multiple words. Example: toothpaste, passer-by, water tank, rainfall.

9. Countable Nouns

A countable noun can be counted. When you have two fish or six sandwiches, you are describing a noun that is countable. Example: orange, chair, desk.

10. Uncountable Nouns

An uncountable noun can’t be counted. They usually don’t have a plural form either. Example: fear, joy, happiness, freedom, seafood, salt.

Examples of Nouns

1. Common Nouns:

  • The boy ran to school.
  • The factory closed every Sunday.

2. Proper Nouns:

  • Harriet Tubman ran the Underground Railroad.
  • My dog, Spot, is the best dog ever.

3. Singular Nouns:

  • The fox had a large pond to swim in.
  • The girl skipped to the house.

4. Plural Nouns:

  • The men are going to see a football game.
  • The rabbits are sunning themselves in the field.

5. Concrete Nouns:

  • I love to eat ice cream.
  • John is a good friend.

6. Abstract Nouns:

  • Everyone feels fear sometimes.
  • Our friendship is unbreakable.

7. Collective Nouns:

  • herd of buffalo ran through the field.
  • flock of birds flew overhead.

8. Compound Nouns:

  • The rainfall was minimal this year.
  • I play basketball on Fridays.

9. Countable Nouns:

  • Two cars raced.
  • The desk is broken.

10. Uncountable Nouns:

  • Summer brings the children freedom from school.
  • My dog brings me joy.

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