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Subsequently vs. Consequently: Which Word to Use and When

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When it comes to writing, choosing the right word can make all the difference. Two words that are often used interchangeably are “subsequently” and “consequently.” While they may seem similar, they actually have distinct meanings that can impact the clarity and accuracy of your writing. This article aims to examine the dissimilarities between these two words and furnish examples to aid you in using them accurately.

Subsequently vs. Consequently

Subsequently vs. Consequently: Which Word to Use and When

Subsequently vs. Consequently: The Basics

Defining ‘Subsequently’

When you use the word ‘subsequently’, you are referring to something that occurs later in time or order. It is an adverb that is used to describe events that follow one another in a series.

For example, you might say, “I finished my work and subsequently went to bed.” In this sentence, ‘subsequently’ is used to indicate that going to bed occurred after finishing work.

Here are some more example sentences that use ‘subsequently’ correctly:

  • After graduating from college, she subsequently started her own business.
  • The company’s profits declined, and subsequently, they had to lay off several employees.
  • The storm caused a power outage, and subsequently, many businesses were forced to close for the day.

It is important to note that ‘subsequently’ does not necessarily imply causation. In other words, just because one event follows another does not mean that the first event caused the second.

Defining ‘Consequently’

When you use the word ‘consequently’, you are indicating a cause-and-effect relationship between two events. It is an adverb that means ‘as a result of’ or ‘therefore’. The word ‘consequently’ is often used to show the logical conclusion of an argument or the outcome of an event.

Here are a few example sentences that demonstrate the use of ‘consequently’:

  • The company lost a lot of money last year. Consequently, they had to lay off some employees.
  • The weather forecast predicted heavy rain. Consequently, the outdoor event was canceled.
  • The team played poorly in the first half. Consequently, they lost the game.

It is important to note that ‘consequently’ is often used in formal writing and may not be appropriate for casual conversation.

To better understand the meaning of ‘consequently’, let’s take a look at a table that compares it with other similar words:

Word Meaning
Consequently As a result of
Therefore For that reason
Thus In this way
Hence For this reason

As you can see, these words have similar meanings and are often used interchangeably. However, each word has its own nuances and should be used appropriately depending on the context.

When using ‘consequently’, it is important to make sure that the cause-and-effect relationship is clear and logical. It is also important to avoid making exaggerated or false claims that cannot be supported by evidence.

Key Differences

To further illustrate the difference between ‘subsequently’ and ‘consequently’, here is a table comparing the two:

Subsequently Consequently
Describes events that follow one another in a series Describes a cause-and-effect relationship
Does not necessarily imply causation Implies that one event caused another
Indicates a temporal relationship Indicates a logical relationship
Examples:

“I finished my work and subsequently went to bed.”

“She graduated from college and subsequently started her own business.”

Examples:

“The storm caused a power outage, and consequently, many businesses were forced to close.”

“He failed the exam, and consequently, he had to retake the class.”

Subsequently vs. Consequently: Usage in Sentences

Usage of ‘Subsequently’

When using the word ‘subsequently’, it is important to understand its meaning and the context in which it should be used. ‘Subsequently’ is an adverb that means “occurring later or after something else.” It is often used to describe a sequence of events or actions that occur after a previous event or action.

Here are a few examples of how ‘subsequently’ can be used in sentences:

  • After finishing his work, John subsequently went to the gym.
  • The company experienced financial difficulties and subsequently had to lay off several employees.
  • The team lost the game and subsequently missed out on the championship.

In all of these examples, ‘subsequently’ is used to describe an action that occurred after a previous event. It is important to note that ‘subsequently’ does not necessarily imply a cause-and-effect relationship between the two events, but rather a chronological order of events.

It is also important to use ‘subsequently’ in the correct context. For example, it would be incorrect to use ‘subsequently’ in a sentence like “The company experienced financial difficulties and subsequently increased its profits.” In this case, ‘subsequently’ does not make sense because it implies a cause-and-effect relationship that does not exist.

Usage of ‘Consequently’

When using ‘consequently’ in a sentence, it is important to understand its meaning and usage. ‘Consequently’ is an adverb that is used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two events. It means ‘as a result of’ or ‘therefore’. Here are some examples of how to use ‘consequently’ in a sentence:

  • The company made a loss last quarter; consequently, they had to lay off some employees.
  • The weather forecast predicted heavy rain; consequently, the outdoor concert was canceled.
  • The athlete injured his ankle during the game; consequently, he was unable to play in the next match.

Note that ‘consequently’ is often used to indicate a negative outcome or consequence. It is also commonly used in formal writing, such as academic papers and business reports.

When using ‘consequently’, it is important to use it correctly in the sentence to avoid confusion. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Use ‘consequently’ to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two events.
  • Use it to indicate a negative outcome or consequence.
  • Use it in formal writing, such as academic papers and business reports.
  • Use it correctly in the sentence to avoid confusion.

Subsequently vs. Consequently: The Key Differences

Meaning

The main difference between subsequently and consequently is their meaning. Subsequently means “following in time, order, or place,” while consequently means “as a result or consequence of something.”

For example, consider the following sentences:

  • “Lena graduated from college and subsequently moved to New York.”
  • “Lena failed her classes and consequently was unable to graduate.”

In the first sentence, subsequently is used to indicate that Lena’s move to New York happened after she graduated from college. The second sentence, consequently is used to indicate that Lena’s inability to graduate was a result of her failing her classes.

Usage

Another difference between subsequently and consequently is their usage. Subsequently is often used to describe a sequence of events, while consequently is often used to describe a cause-and-effect relationship.

For example, consider the following sentences:

  • “John missed his flight and subsequently had to take a later one.”
  • “John missed his flight and consequently missed his meeting.”

In the first sentence, subsequently is used to describe the sequence of events that occurred after John missed his flight. The second sentence, consequently is used to describe the cause-and-effect relationship between John missing his flight and missing his meeting.

Examples

To further illustrate the difference between subsequently and consequently, consider the following examples:

  • “The storm caused a power outage, and consequently, the concert was canceled.”
  • “The concert was canceled, and subsequently, the fans were disappointed.”
  • “The company experienced a financial loss, and consequently, had to lay off employees.”
  • “The employees were laid off, and subsequently, the company’s morale suffered.”

In each of these examples, the use of subsequently or consequently changes the meaning of the sentence and conveys a different relationship between the events described.

Common Misconceptions

They mean the same thing

One of the biggest misconceptions is that subsequently and consequently mean the same thing. While they are similar in that they both refer to something happening after another event, they are not interchangeable. Subsequently refers to something happening after another event in a chronological order, while consequently refers to something happening as a result of another event.

Example: John went to the store, subsequently he went to the bank.
Example: John went to the store, consequently he ran out of time to go to the bank.

Subsequently implies causation

Another misconception is that subsequently implies causation. This is not necessarily true. Subsequently simply means that one event happened after another event in a chronological order. It does not necessarily mean that one event caused the other event.

Example: John went to the store, subsequently he went to the bank.
Example: John went to the store, subsequently he got a headache.

Consequently can only be used in formal writing

While consequently is often used in formal writing, it can also be used in everyday language. It simply means that one event happened as a result of another event.

Example: John forgot his umbrella, consequently he got wet in the rain.

Subsequently and consequently can be used interchangeably

As mentioned before, subsequently and consequently are not interchangeable. It is important to use the correct word depending on the context of the sentence.

Example: John got a headache, subsequently he went to bed.
Example: John got a headache, consequently he couldn’t finish his work.

By understanding these common misconceptions, you can use subsequently and consequently correctly in your writing and avoid any confusion.

Subsequently vs. Consequently: Practical Examples

To better understand the difference between subsequently and consequently, let’s take a look at some practical examples:

  • Example 1: You missed your flight and consequently missed the important meeting. In this case, the missed flight caused you to miss the meeting.
  • Example 2: You missed the important meeting and subsequently lost the client. In this case, missing the meeting was the cause of losing the client.

As you can see, the word consequently is used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two events or actions. It implies that one event or action is a direct result of another.

On the other hand, the word subsequently is used to indicate that an event or action occurred later or after something else. It is, therefore, used when describing a series of events wherein one thing followed another.

Here are some more examples:

  • Example 3: The company’s profits increased significantly. Consequently, the CEO received a large bonus. In this case, the increased profits caused the CEO to receive a large bonus.
  • Example 4: The CEO received a large bonus. Subsequently, the company’s stock price increased. In this case, the CEO’s bonus was the cause of the increase in the company’s stock price.

It is important to note that while subsequently and consequently are often used interchangeably, they have different meanings and should be used appropriately. Using the wrong word can lead to confusion and misinterpretation of the intended message.

Tips for Remembering the Differences

Pay Attention to the Meaning

The first tip is to pay attention to the meaning of each word. Subsequently means that something happens after something else, while consequently means that something happens as a result of something else. To remember this, you can think of the word “sub” in subsequently as meaning “under” or “following,” while “con” in consequently means “with” or “together.”

Use Example Sentences

Another helpful tip is to use example sentences to see how each word is used in context. For example:

  • “He missed his flight and subsequently had to book another one.”
  • “She forgot her keys and consequently was locked out of her house.”

By seeing how each word is used in a sentence, you can get a better understanding of their meanings and how they should be used.

Create a Comparison Table

You can also create a comparison table to help you remember the differences between subsequently and consequently. Here is an example:

Subsequently Consequently
Happens after something else Happens as a result of something else
Following in time or order With or together with something else
Example: “He missed his flight and subsequently had to book another one.” Example: “She forgot her keys and consequently was locked out of her house.”

By creating a table like this, you can easily compare the differences between each word and refer back to it when needed.

Practice Using Each Word

Finally, the best way to remember the differences between subsequently and consequently is to practice using them in your writing. By using each word correctly in sentences, you can reinforce their meanings and ensure that you are using them properly in the future.

Remembering the differences between subsequently and consequently may take some practice, but by paying attention to their meanings, using example sentences, creating comparison tables, and practicing using each word, you can become more confident in your writing and avoid confusing these two words.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between subsequent and consequent?

Subsequent refers to something that happens or occurs after a previous event, whereas consequent refers to something that is a result or consequence of a previous event. For example, “She finished her work and subsequently went to bed” means she went to bed after finishing her work, while “The heavy rainfall caused flooding and consequent damage to the buildings” means the damage was a result of the heavy rainfall.

When should I use subsequently?

Subsequently is used when describing a series of events wherein one thing followed another. It is often used to describe an event that occurs after another event. For example, “She finished her work and subsequently went to bed” means she went to bed after finishing her work.

How do you use subsequently in a sentence?

Subsequently is used to describe an event that occurs after another event. For example, “She finished her work and subsequently went to bed” means she went to bed after finishing her work.

What is the difference between later and subsequent?

Later simply means after a certain amount of time has passed, while subsequent refers to something that happens or occurs after a previous event. For example, “She finished her work and later went to bed” means she went to bed after a certain amount of time had passed, while “She finished her work and subsequently went to bed” means she went to bed after finishing her work.

Can I use subsequently and consequently in the same sentence?

Yes, you can use subsequently and consequently in the same sentence. However, it is important to use them correctly and in a way that accurately conveys the intended meaning. For example, “She finished her work and subsequently went to bed. Consequently, she woke up feeling rested and ready for the day ahead” means she went to bed after finishing her work, and as a result, woke up feeling rested.

Consequently vs therefore: What’s the difference?

Consequently and therefore are similar in meaning, but there is a subtle difference between the two. Consequently is used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two events, while therefore is used to indicate a logical conclusion based on a previous statement or argument. For example, “She missed her flight and consequently had to book another one” means missing the flight caused her to book another one, while “She missed her flight, therefore she had to book another one” means the fact that she missed her flight led to the logical conclusion that she had to book another one.

Subsequent refers to something that happens or occurs after a previous event, whereas consequent refers to something that is a result or consequence of a previous event. For example, \"She finished her work and subsequently went to bed\" means she went to bed after finishing her work, while \"The heavy rainfall caused flooding and consequent damage to the buildings\" means the damage was a result of the heavy rainfall.

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Subsequently is used when describing a series of events wherein one thing followed another. It is often used to describe an event that occurs after another event. For example, \"She finished her work and subsequently went to bed\" means she went to bed after finishing her work.

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Subsequently is used to describe an event that occurs after another event. For example, \"She finished her work and subsequently went to bed\" means she went to bed after finishing her work.

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Later simply means after a certain amount of time has passed, while subsequent refers to something that happens or occurs after a previous event. For example, \"She finished her work and later went to bed\" means she went to bed after a certain amount of time had passed, while \"She finished her work and subsequently went to bed\" means she went to bed after finishing her work.

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Yes, you can use subsequently and consequently in the same sentence. However, it is important to use them correctly and in a way that accurately conveys the intended meaning. For example, \"She finished her work and subsequently went to bed. Consequently, she woke up feeling rested and ready for the day ahead\" means she went to bed after finishing her work, and as a result, woke up feeling rested.

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Consequently and therefore are similar in meaning, but there is a subtle difference between the two. Consequently is used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between two events, while therefore is used to indicate a logical conclusion based on a previous statement or argument. For example, \"She missed her flight and consequently had to book another one\" means missing the flight caused her to book another one, while \"She missed her flight, therefore she had to book another one\" means the fact that she missed her flight led to the logical conclusion that she had to book another one.

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