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List of Suffix: 50+ Most Common Suffixes with Meaning and Examples

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In the English language, suffixes play a crucial role in modifying and expanding the meanings of words. Understanding and recognizing common suffixes can greatly enhance one’s vocabulary and comprehension skills. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive list of suffixes along with their meanings and examples, offering readers a valuable resource for improving their language proficiency. Whether you are a student, educator, or language enthusiast, this compilation of suffixes will serve as a valuable tool for enhancing your understanding of word formation and usage.

Suffix List in English

suffix

Definition of Suffixes

suffix is a letter or group of letters attached to the end of a word, making a new word or altering the original word’s tense, meaning, or part of speech. For example, adding -ness to the adjective “happy” creates the noun “happiness.”

Noun Suffixes

Learn a useful list of noun suffixes with their meaning and examples in English

-al

  • Meaning: Condition, quality
  • Examples: dismissal, proposal, arrival, approval, denial, refusal

-ance/-ence

  • Meaning: action, state, condition or quality
  • Examples: acceptance, attendance, reference preference, insurance, existence

-ation/-tion

  • Meaning: the action or resulting state
  • Examples: declaration, celebration, information, immigration, education, elimination, combination

-sion

  • Meaning: state or being
  • Examples: revision, division, revision, profession, depression, confusion, tension, compulsion, confusion, decision, impression

-ure

  • Meaning: action or the resulting state
  • Examples: erasure, failure, pressure, legislature, departure, enclosure

-age

  • Meaning: action, state, process
  • Examples: postage, package, baggage, marriage, breakage, passage

-ing

  • Meaning: action, state, process
  • Examples: landing, writing, ending, seating, blessing, feeding

-ery

  • Meaning: a business or trade, a behavior, a condition
  • Examples: bakery, creamery, machinery, slavery, brewery

-eer

  • Meaning: engaged in something, associated with something
  • Examples: volunteer, engineer, musketeer, auctioneer, racketeer, mountaineer, profiteer

-er

  • Meaning: someone who performs an action
  • Examples: teacher, dancer, helper, farmer, lawyer, jeweler, preacher, prisoner, villager

-ist

  • Meaning: person who practices
  • Examples: cartoonist, columnist, bicyclist, physicist, violinist, terrorist

-ity

  • Meaning: the state or condition of
  • Examples: equality, abnormality, probability, civility, stupidity, curiosity, mobility, reality, tranquility, activity

-ment

  • Meaning: the action or result of
  • Examples: retirement, establishment, movement, abandonment

-ness

  • Meaning: a state or quality
  • Examples: awareness, kindness, darkness, fondness, happiness, kindness, truthfulness, quietness, sleepiness, usefulness

-or

  • Meaning: a person who is something
  • Examples: translator, investigator, conductor, distributor

-ship

  • Meaning: position held
  • Examples: courtship, ownership, internship, worship. partnership, membership, friendship

-th

  • Meaning: state or quality
  • Examples: labyrinth, warmth, death, strength, width, length, filth, birth, growth, depth

-ty

  • Meaning: condition
  • Examples: honesty, difficulty, safety, cruelty, subtlety, loyalty, modesty, certainty

-hood

  • Meaning: family terms
  • Examples: parenthood, motherhood, childhood

Adjective Suffixes

-able, -ible

  • Meaning: capable of being
  • Examples: adaptable, predictable, preventable, credible

-al

  • Meaning: pertaining to
  • Examples: natural, criminal, theatrical, accidental, regional, brutal, personal, regional, universal, seasonal

-ant

  • Meaning: inclined to or tending to
  • Examples: reliant, defiant, vigilant, brilliant

-ary

  • Meaning: of or relating to
  • Examples: dietary, planetary, military, honorary, budgetary, complimentary, momentary, honorary, cautionary, customary

-ful

  • Meaning: full of or notable of
  • Examples: wonderful, fanciful, beautiful, skillful, successful, delightful, awful, grateful

-ic

  • Meaning: relating to
  • Examples: organic, heroic, poetic, iconic, athletic, basic, scientific, historic, rhythmic, photographic

-ious, -ous

  • Meaning: having qualities of
  • Examples: cautious, humorous, gracious, fabulous, dangerous, mysterious, nervous, victorious, poisonous, courteous

-ive

  • Meaning: quality or nature of
  • Examples: expensive, pensive, creative

-less

  • Meaning: without something
  • Examples: faultless, fearless, restless, useless, friendless, homeless, worthless, penniless, hopeless, powerless

-y

  • Meaning: made up of or characterized by
  • Examples: fruity, tasty, brainy, grouchy, rainy, funny, messy, dirty, spotty

-ical

  • Meaning: having the nature of
  • Examples: practical, logical, magical, statistical, alphabetical, historical

-ish

  • Meaning: origin, nature
  • Examples: sheepish, foolish, childish, selfish, girlish, pinkish

-like

  • Meaning: like
  • Examples: childlike, birdlike, warlike, lifelike, ladylike

Verb Suffixes

-ed

  • Meaning: past-tense version of a verb
  • Examples: climbed, missed, laughed, called

-en

  • Meaning: become
  • Examples: fasten, strengthen, soften, awaken, blacken, broaden, deafen, flatten, gladden, tighten, shorten, sweeten, lengthen, brighten, darken

-er

  • Meaning: action or process, making an adjective comparative
  • Examples: longer, bigger, fuller, faster

-ing

  • Meaning: verb form/present participle of an action
  • Examples: swimming, laughing, writing, driving

-ize, -ise

  • Meaning: to cause or to become
  • Examples: specialize, authorize, commercialize, memorialize, apologize, characterize, digitalize, socialize, symbolize, stabilize, familiarize, advertise, colonize, civilize

-ify, -fy

  • Meaning: To make or produce
  • Examples: classify, codify, clarify, crucify, defy, falsify, intensify, modify, satisfy, simplify, unify, exemplify, identify, justify, notify, terrify

-ate

  • Meaning: To make
  • Examples: accommodate, activate, animate, captivate, considerate, consolidate, cooperate, decorate, allocate, concentrate

Adverb Suffixes

-ly

  • Meaning: in what manner something is being done
  • Examples: bravely, simply, honestly, gladly, lately, rightly, completely, really, definitely, maturely

-ward

  • Meaning: in a certain direction
  • Examples: backward, wayward, awkward, afterward

-wise

  • Meaning: in relation to
  • Examples: clockwise, edgewise, lengthwise, otherwise, crosswise, likewise

Frequently Misused Suffixes

When you’re writing, it’s easy to confuse certain English suffixes. Here’s a quick guide to help you avoid common errors.

  • -ible and -able: Both mean “capable of,” but they’re not always interchangeable. Use -ible when the root word isn’t complete, like “perceptible” (from “percept”). Use -able when the root is a full word, like “enjoyable.”
    Correct Use Common Misuse
    Divisible Divisable
    Tangible Tangable
    Responsible Responsable
  • -itis and -osis: These indicate medical conditions, but their use differs. -itis means inflammation, e.g., “bronchitis”. -osis suggests a general condition or process, e.g., “neurosis.”
  • -logy and -ography-logy refers to a study or a branch of knowledge, like “biology”. -ography relates to a descriptive study or written work about a subject, like “biography.”
  • -ee and -er/or: The suffix -ee denotes the recipient of an action, “employee”. The -er or -or signifies someone performing an action, “employer”.
Related  Noun Suffixes: List of Popular Noun Suffixes in English

List of Suffixes | Infographic

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Wednesday 11th of January 2023

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Wednesday 11th of January 2023

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Saturday 24th of December 2022

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Friday 11th of November 2022

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