Transition Words in English! Like other languages, English has a lot of cohesive and transition words that can be used to express addition, contrast, cause and effects, purpose… with examples and ESL printable infographic.
Common Transition Words
Here is the list of frequently used connecting words in English
To add information, you can use these expressions:
In addition, – as well as – moreover – what is more – not only…but also… – furthermore – besides – also – too – and…
- If the project fails this will have terrible consequences not only in our department but also on the whole organization.
- John’s grades are terrible because he has been so lazy these days. In addition to this, his relationship with his parents got worse.
- The report is badly written. Moreover, it’s inaccurate.
To express contrast, you can use these expressions:
Although – even though – in spite of/despite – however – yet – nevertheless – nonetheless – on the contrary – whereas – on the one hand …but on the other hand… – conversely – but…
- Brain drain has terrible consequences on the developing countries. Nevertheless, nothing has been done to solve the problem or at least reduce its negative effects.
- In spite of/despite Fred’s old age, he goes jogging every morning.
- Although she’s very nice, her classmates hate her.
- They have got two children, a boy and a girl. The boy takes after his father whereas the girl takes after the mother.
Expressing Cause and Effect
To express cause and effect, you can use these expressions:
Consequently – as a consequence – as a result – therefore – because of this – for this reason – because – since – as – for – due to – owing to
- She remained silent, for she was so depressed to talk.
- We can’t go to Sue’s party because we’ll be busy working on our project.
- The plane was delayed because of the foggy weather.
- He had spent most of his time hanging around instead of revising his lessons. Consequently, he had a lot of trouble answering the exam questions.
To express purpose use the following words:
In order to – in order not to – so as to – so as not to – to – not to
- She wakes up early in order to be on time to work.
- They visited him so as to offer their condolences for the death of his wife
- He helped the new policewoman so as not to fail in her first mission.
To summarize, you can use the following expressions:
In conclusion – to conclude – to sum up – in a nutshell – in brief – in short – all in all – everything considered…
- In conclusion, I hope the preceding arguments have convinced you of the need for action.
- To conclude, I’d like to express my thanks to my family.
- To sum up, damp walls are not disastrous structurally, but the cause must be ascertained and the condition rectified.
- In a nutshell, the owners thought they knew best.
- In brief, I have made up my mind to quit my job.
Useful Linking Words | Infographic